Biological Warfare

What is it?

Weapons based on either:

  • The production of micro-organisms (bacteria, viruses, toxins, fungi or parasites) respectively,
  • The distribution of metabolic products of the micro-organisms mentioned above.
  • Process:

    Infection of humans, animals and plants via:


    2.Droplet inection

    3.Transfer through food

    4. ansfer by insects

    Actions after contamination:

    Micro-organisms can be removed from personnel, equipment or vehicles after detonation of a B-weapon.

    Biological warfare agents can be decontaminated respectively disinfected.

  • History:

  • 1346: Pest infected bodies were thrown over the walls of Kaffa city
  • 1850: British use smallpox infected blankets to fight American Indians
  • 1915: Anthrax used by German spies in several countries
  • 1925: Geneva protocol signed by 30 countries. Usage of B-weapons forbidden during war
  • 1932: B-weapons tested by Japanese on 3,000 Chinese prisoners of war
  • 1942/43: Anthrax bacteria tested by British scientists on the Gruinard Island which is contaminated for decades
  • 1940-44: Anthrax bacteria used by Japanese in Chinese cities
  • 1969: USA declares that they stop developing B/C-weapons
  • 1950/66: USA tests non-pathologicical micro organisms in cities such as San Francisco and New York
  • 1972: Signing of the B-weapon convention, valid from 03/26/1975
  • 1979: Anthrax accident in Swerdlowsk, USSR
  • 1995: Iraq produces B-weapons
  • 1998: Israel and South Africa; research gene specific B-weapons
  • 2000: B-weapon convention signed by 143 countries

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